It is the responsibility and intent of Ferris State University to protect the health
and safety of students, faculty, staff and visitors while engaged in the educational
and business activities of the University. To this end the University will provide
the necessary services and controls to promote, create and maintain a safe and healthful
campus environment and operations. The purpose of this policy statement is to establish
the University's commitment to campus environmental health and safety.
The Chemical Hygiene Plan provides certain procedures for health and safety standard
operating procedures (SOPs) that apply to laboratory work involving the use of hazardous
chemicals, hazardous biological materials, and/or operations with a high degree of
SOPs have been prepared so as to standardize the response thereby adding a higher
level of safety to achieve a predictable outcome.
Additional procedures may be necessary for labs with health and safety hazards greater
than those presented in the Chemical Hygiene Plan.
A properly functioning chemical fume hood is an important safety device in a laboratory.
The chemical hood protects users from inhalation hazards by constantly pulling air
into the hood and exhausting it out of the building. Chemical hoods can also provide
some protection in the event of an explosion or fire. This form provides guidance
on the usage of chemical fume hoods at Ferris State University (FSU).
Principal Investigators and Lab Supervisors must assess the risks and identify hazards
associated with working in their area. Once hazards are identified, they must develop,
implement and maintain lab-specific procedures to safely address high hazard materials/processes,
and then train laboratory personnel on applicable procedures.
All research, including teaching activities, involving recombinant or synthetic nucleic
acid molecules conducted require an approved Biosafety Committee Application.
In relatively low hazard labs, the procedures outlined in the Plan may be sufficient.
Faculty and staff may create their own procedures or use publicly available resources
such as reference books, internet sites (of a reliable source), or lab manuals.
Understand the known hazards associated with the materials being used. Never assume
all hazards have been identified. Carefully read labels before using an unfamiliar
chemical. When appropriate, review the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for special
handling information. Determine the potential hazards and use appropriate safety precautions
before beginning any new operation.
Be familiar with the location of emergency equipment such as fire alarms, fire extinguishers,
emergency eyewash, and shower stations and know the appropriate emergency response
Avoid distracting or startling other workers when they are handling hazardous materials.
Use equipment and hazardous materials only for their intended purposes.
Always be alert to unsafe conditions and actions and call attention to them so that
corrective action can be taken as quickly as possible.
Wear appropriate skin, eye and face protection.
Always inspect equipment for leaks, tears or other damage before handling a hazardous
material. This includes fume hoods, gloves, goggles, etc.
Avoid tasting or smelling chemicals.
Avoid direct contact with any hazardous material. Know the types of protective equipment
required while using any chemical. If in doubt, review the appropriate section of
Confine long hair and loose clothing and always wear footwear that fully covers the
Do not mouth-pipette.
Use appropriate safety equipment whenever there is a potential for exposure to hazardous
gases, vapors, or aerosols. Check to ensure that local exhaust ventilation equipment
is working properly before use. In the event that general or local exhaust ventilation
is not functioning properly, immediately stop work, notify Facilities, and place a
sign to notify others that work with hazardous materials is suspended until the equipment
is working properly.
Wash thoroughly with soap and water after handling chemicals or biological materials,
before leaving the laboratory and before eating or drinking.
If there is a hazardous splash potential, splash goggles shall be worn as eye protection.
Clean and store personal protective equipment as appropriate.
Laboratory employees shall be familiar with the signs and symptoms of exposure for
the materials with which they work and the precautions necessary to prevent exposure.
Avoid eating, drinking, smoking, or applying of cosmetic products in any laboratory
area where hazardous chemicals or biological hazards are in use.
Refrigerators and microwave ovens used for chemical or biological storage or other
laboratory use shall not be used for food storage or preparation. Label with appropriate
"No food or drink for human consumption" signs.
Chemical containers with missing or defaced labels should not be accepted.
Chemicals utilized in the laboratory or hood must be appropriate for the type and
capacity of the ventilation system.
Hazardous biological materials should be manipulated using safety equipment and techniques
appropriate to the risk group and the evaluated biosafety level of the specific experimental
conditions. Biosafety cabinets used to protect researchers from biological hazards
must be functioning properly, certified annually and appropriate to the biological
and chemical hazards in use.
Hazardous materials should be stored in appropriate safety cabinets, closed cabinets
or not more than five feet above the floor.
Chemicals shall be segregated by compatibility.
Hazardous material storage areas must be labeled as to their contents.
Storage of hazardous materials at the lab bench or work area shall be kept to a minimum.
A Hazardous material mixture shall be assumed to be as toxic as its most toxic component.
Substances of unknown toxicity shall be assumed to be toxic.
Each lab must maintain an inventory of all chemical along with a MSDS for each chemical.
Submit updates to SHERM at least annually.
Carry glass containers in bottle carriers or other leak resistant, unbreakable secondary
When moving hazardous materials on a cart, use a cart suitable for the load and with
raised edges to contain leaks/spills.
Do not transport hazardous waste between buildings.
Cylinders with regulators must be individually secured. Only cylinders with valve
protection caps securely in place may be safely gang-chained (chained in groups).
When storing or moving a cylinder, have the valve protection cap securely in place
to protect the stem.
Cylinders must be secured in an upright position at all times. Use suitable racks,
straps, chains, or stands to support cylinders against an immovable object, such as
a bench or a wall, during use and storage. Do not allow cylinders to fall or lean
against one another.
Use an appropriate cart to move cylinders.
Never bleed a cylinder completely empty. Leave a slight pressure to keep contaminants
Oil or grease on the high-pressure side of an oxygen cylinder can cause an explosion.
Do not lubricate an oxygen regulator or use a fuel gas regulator on an oxygen cylinder.
Use an oxygen approved regulator.
Always wear goggles or safety glasses with side shields when handling compressed gases.
Use appropriate gauges, fittings, and materials compatible with the particular gas
When work with a toxic, corrosive, or reactive gas is planned, the CHO should be contacted
for information concerning specific handling requirements. Generally, these gases
will need to be used and stored with local exhaust ventilation such as a lab hood
or a gas cabinet designed for that purpose.
Faculty and staff should limit moving cylinders, but when necessary, use the cylinder
Check with your laboratory supervisor to determine if the operation can be left safely
If the operation is to be left unattended for extended periods and involves hazardous
materials or potentially hazardous conditions, develop a protocol. It should be reviewed
by the laboratory supervisor and CHO. The protocol should include responses to potential
interruptions in electric, water, inert gas and other services and provide containment
for hazardous materials.
A warning notice must be posted near the experiment if hazardous conditions are present.
This notice must contain information concerning the hazard such as indicators of problems
and who to contact if such evidence is present.
In no case is working alone permitted during procedures involving highly hazardous
or toxic chemicals or agents and/or dangerous equipment or environments (i.e.: anything
that could cause severe injury or death).
It is the responsibility of the Principal Investigator or Lab Supervisor, with support
of CHO, to assess activity of high and low or moderate risk, and develop policies
and procedures appropriate for each type of work. It is preferable that departmental
staff collaborate on common procedures, processes and equipment for consistency with
The Dean must authorize the working alone in labs and the colleges will maintain written
records of those approved to work alone in laboratories, including safety plans and
Any volunteer conducting lab work must be provided with written documentation including,
but not limited to the following: Indemnification and liability information; clearly
defined scope of work; and instructions to complete safety training prior to working
in the lab. A consent form template is provided in the Plan.
No one under the age of 16 may work or volunteer in a lab.
Laboratory Personnel Responsibilities: For research labs, Principal Investigators
are responsible for the security of their laboratories. In teaching labs, the Department
Chair is responsible for chemical and equipment security.
Laboratory Access: Faculty, staff and students will be provided with access cards
or brass keys upon approval by the Department Chair or Dean of the College, or their