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Selected Online Educational Resources

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Resources provided by 
Arlene Hirschfelder and Paulette F. Molin

Articles, FAQs, and More

American Indian Perspectives on Thanksgiving. For Teachers Grades 4 -8. National Museum of the American Indian. https://americanindian.si.edu/sites/1/files/pdf/education/thanksgiving_poster.pdf

American Indian Sports Team Mascots. https://www.aistm.org/

American Indians in Children’s Literature (blog). Debbie Reese. https://americanindiansinchildrensliterature.blogspot.com/

See also “Native American Children’s Literature Recommended Reading List,” by Debbie Reese. Longmont, CO: First Nations Development Institute, 2016.
https://firstnations.org/sites/default/files/Revised_Book_Insert_Web_Version_March_2018.pdf

Americans, a National Museum of the American Indian exhibition that showcases a wide range of objects with American Indian names and imagery. January 18, 2018 to 2022 in Washington, D.C. Exhibition website: https://nmai.si.edu/americans/

Change the Mascot. Launched by the Oneida Nation, a national campaign to remove the racial epithet “r*dskins” as the name of the NFL team in Washington, DC. https://www.changethemascot.org/

Ending the Legacy of Racism in Sports & the Era of Harmful “Indian” Sports Mascots. National Congress of American Indians, October 2013.   https://www.ncai.org/resources/ncai-publications/Ending_the_Legacy_of_Racism.pdf

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs). U.S. Department of the Interior, Indian Affairs. https://www.bia.gov/frequently-asked-questions

Fryberg, Stephanie A. et al. “Of Warrior Chiefs and Indian Princesses: The Psychological Consequences of American Indian Mascots.” Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 30 (2008): 208-218. http://www.indianmascots.com/fryberg--web-psychological_.pdf

Jennings, Julianne. “The History of ‘Ten Little Indians.” Indian Country Today, October 11, 2012. https://indiancountrymedianetwork.com/culture/social-issues/the-history-of-ten-little-indians/

Making the Invisible Visible: A Policy Blueprint from Urban Indian America. National Urban Indian Family Coalition, June 2015. https://www.cabq.gov/office-of-equity-inclusion/documents/making-the-invisible-visible_a-policy-blueprint-from-urban-indian-america.pdf

Miranda, Carolina A. “Why American Indian Images Became Potent, Cartoonish Advertising Symbols.” Los Angeles Times, January 29, 2018. https://www.latimes.com/entertainment/arts/miranda/la-et-cam-americans-nmai-indians-in-pop-culture-20180122-htmlstory.html

Montana American Indian Caucus. “Guest Opinion: We Are Not Pocahontas.” Billings Gazette, July 9, 2018. https://billingsgazette.com/opinion/columnists/guest-opinion-we-are-not-pocahontas/article_c7467f32-dd9f-50f5-8625-892b68b9ff7f.html

“Myth of the Vanishing Indian.” The Pluralism Project, Harvard University.  https://pluralism.org/myth-of-the-vanishing-indian

National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI). https://americanindian.si.edu/

Reclaiming Native Truth: A Project to Dispel America’s Myths and Misconceptions. A joint initiative of First Nations Development and Echo Hawk Consulting launched in June 2016. https://www.reclaimingnativetruth.com/

Robertson, Dwanna. “The Myth of Indian Casino Riches.” Indian Country Today, April 19, 2017. https://indiancountrymedianetwork.com/news/opinions/the-myth-of-indian-casino-riches/

Stolen Identities: The Impact of Racist Stereotypes on Indigenous People. Hearing before the Committee on Indian Affairs United States Senate, 112th Congress, 1st Sess., May 5, 2011. https://www.indian.senate.gov/sites/default/files/upload/files/66994.PDF

Wisconsin Indian Education Association Indian Mascot and Logo Task Force.  http://www.indianmascots.com/

Videos/Youtube

“Breaking Stereotypes of Native American Artists.” PBS News Hour, 2014, 5:59 minutes. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O3eS29YMe-I

“Changing the Way We See Native Americans.” Matika Wilbur. TEDx Teachers College, 2014, 19:44 minutes. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GIzYzz3rEZU  

“Charlie Hill on the Richard Pryor Show - 1977,” The Rezzurected, 2010, 5:10 minutes. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=545t5SvcyDo

“Fritz Scholder: Indian/Not Indian.” Smithsonian/NMAI, 2009, 10:11 minutes.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fizt99IRKZY

“How Hollywood Stereotyped the Indian.” Frames in Motion, 2007, 5:21 minutes. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_hJFi7SRH7Q

“I’m Not the Indian You Had in Mind.” Thomas King, Director/Writer. Big Soul Productions, 2007, 5:28 minutes. https://nsi-canada.ca/2012/03/im-not-the-indian-you-had-in-mind/

Keene, Adrienne. “Navajo Flasks, Hipster Headdresses, and ‘Magic in North America’: Native Representations in Fashion, Media, and Popular Culture.” From Tarzan to Tonto: Stereotypes as Obstacles Toward a More Perfect Union: A Special Program Examining the Pervasiveness of Stereotypes in American Culture. NMAI, 2017, 16:10 minutes. https://search.aol.com/aol/video?q=Adrienne+Keene%2C+Tarzan+to+Tonto&s_it=video-ans&sfVid=true&videoId=AEC987CB95389F4E7D67AEC987CB95389F4E7D67&v_t=keyword_rollover

“My Once Life” by Pamela J. Peters, Writer, 2016, 3:30 minutes. https://lastrealIndians.com/my-once-life-by-pamela-j-peters/

“NCAI Video: Change the Mascot. Proud to Be (Mascots).” National Congress of American Indians, 2013, 2:00 minutes. https://www.ncai.org/news/articles/2013/11/26/ncai-video-change-the-mascot

“Professor Deloria Discusses the Impacts of Stereotypes.” Arab American National Museum, February 19, 2011. 3:25 minutes. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5KFWrbt9xPk

“Reel Injun: On the Trail of the Hollywood Indian.” Neil Diamond, Director, 2010. Preview, 2:14 minutes, plus other clips. https://www.pbs.org/independentlens/documentaries/reel-injun/

See also “Q&A: ‘Reel Injun’ Director Neil Diamond,” Indian Country Today, January 20, 2011. https://indiancountrytoday.com/archive/qa-reel-injun-director-neil-diamond

Vantage Point - “Take a Picture with a Real Indian” (James Luna performance). 2001, 2:41 minutes. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dAa69BVwPYg

See also “Q and A: James Luna: The Native American Artist Talks about His ‘Take a Picture with a Real Indian’ Performance,” by Jess Righthand. Smithsonian Magazine, January 2011. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/q-and-a-james-luna-74252076

“What is Native American Misappropriation?” Vincent Schilling. 2013, 3:52 minutes. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=urL02BtqxRM  

Native Organizations

Alaska Federation of Natives (AFN). https://www.nativefederation.org

American Indian Higher Education Consortium (AIHEC). http://aihec.org/

Assembly of First Nations (AFN). http://www.afn.ca/

Association on American Indian Affairs (AAIA). https://www.indian-affairs.org/

Congress of Aboriginal Peoples (CAP). http://www.abo-people.org/

Indian Law Resource Center (ILRC). https://indianlaw.org/

Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami (ITK). https://www.itk.ca/

Métis National Council (MNC). http://www.métisnation.com/  

National Coalition Against Racism in Sports and the Media (NCARSM) http://www.aimovement.org/ncrsm/

National Congress of American Indians (NCAI). https://www.ncai.org/

National Indian Education Association (NIEA). https://www.niea.org/

National Indian Gaming Association (NIGA). http://www.indiangaming.org/  

Native American Journalists Association (NAJA). http://www.naja.com/  

Native American Rights Fund (NARF)   https://www.narf.org

 

Arlene Hirschfelder and Paulette F. Molin are the coauthors of American Indian Stereotypes in the World of Children: A Reader and Bibliography (1999) and The Extraordinary Book of Native American Lists (2012), both published by The Scarecrow Press. Recent work includes guest curating the award-winning exhibition Contemporary Native Women Opening Doors to Change at the Mitchell Museum of the American Indian in Evanston, Illinois.