|Alison (Ali) Konieczny|
|Office: FLITE 315|
TABLE OF CONTENTS
- Helpful Sites for Finding Paper Topics
- Building a Search Strategy
- Finding Previous Reviews on your Topic
- Starting your Research
- Why Use PubMed instead of MEDLINE at Ferris
- MeSH Database
- Limiting Your Results
- Obtaining the Full Text of Articles
- Evaluating your Articles
- NLM Style / Zotero
- Zotero Quick Notes
- Other Useful Links
English 321 for Pharmacy Students
First things first: Read the EBM Guidebook from the University of California, Irvine-
a brief (17 page book) that helps you to understand the basics of PICO and CAMeL.
In order to effectively retrieve information, it's very important to have a well-designed search. Please see the Building a Search Strategy Handout
You are to select a topic that does not have a recent review for this project. An exhaustive search of the literature is not expected, but a good faith effort is, so please take the following steps to determine if your topic has a recent review:
- Go to the Cochrane Library, type in your keywords in the search box, and under Restrict Search by Product, select Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Cochrane Reviews), and run your search
- Go to PubMed and type in your keywords and run your search. Click on the Review link (see picture below) and look at the various review articles. Note: You may have to modify your keywords several times to do an adequate search, such as proprietary drug name, chemical name, synonym for condition, etc.
- Go to PubMed's MeSH Database, search for the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) that match your keywords, use the Send To pull-down menu to send the MeSH terms to the PubMed Search Box, and run your search. Once again, Click on the Review link to see the available reviews.
- Go to PubMed's Clinical Queries, Find Systematic Reviews, and type in your keywords and run your search to find previous Systematic Reviews.
As a Ferris student, you should access PubMed through FLITE's homepage using the Find link, and then selecting Articles. You will find PubMed through both the Health and Medical Resources link off of the databases page, as well as through the alphabetical list of databases. PubMed is the publicly available version of MEDLINE that contains the contents of Old MEDLINE, current MEDLINE, and Pre-MEDLINE. This will be available to you even after you graduate, using the publicly available version of PubMed made available through the National Library of Medicine. However, as a Ferris student, you should link to PubMed from FLITE's databases link so that you can get the full-text of articles made available through the library's subscriptions.
If you are doing research from off-campus, you will need to log-on to use databases and other online resources licensed by FSU, and will simply use your MyFSU username and password. Click here for information on off-campus database access.
FLITE currently does not subscribe to a full-text version of MEDLINE. If you are affiliated with an institution that offers a full-text version of MEDLINE, then certainly take advantage of the full-text available through that resource. Keep in mind though that PubMed contains pre-publication information and has many helpful resources for pharmacists NOT found in MEDLINE, including select resources such as:
- Single Citation Matcher: Have a vague or questionable citation? Use this resource to track down health-related citations using the information that you know to be correct.
- Clinical Queries: Need a systematic review to get evidence-based medicine answers? Use the Find Systematic Reviews feature and get highly-regarded information on a topic.
- Toxnet: Search databases for information on toxicology, hazardous substances, etc.
- MedlinePlus - Consumer Health: Use MedlinePlus to find links to trusted consumer health-information. These resources have been selected by the National Library of Medicine; therefore they should contain RELIABLE information.
- Clinical Alerts: Stay on top of medical advisories and alerts!!
- Clinical Trials: Find out what clinical trials are available for various diseases and what institutions are participants, etc.
With MeSH (Medical Subject Headings), articles that are on the same topic, but may have used different keywords, are categorized under a common term. For example, if you wanted articles on inoculations, also called vaccinations, articles on either topic would be categorized under one central MeSH term: vaccination.
- For more information on using MeSH, tutorials can be found linked from the MeSH database homepage, or more extensive information can be found by clicking here.
- Limits link: Use this link to limit your search to certain publication types, date ranges, or to search keywords only in the title using the Search Field Tags pull-down menu located at the bottom of the limits screen, and selecting Title
**Note: If you need a reminder of how to limit your results to only primary resources, please see the PHAR 319 Class Help Page
- Related citations link: When you find an article that is very much on topic, use the related citations link to pull up articles with very similar topical coverage
- Review link: This will show you only review articles (articles where somebody has reviewed multiple resources on a topic and written an overview based on the literature reviewed). Remember, not all review articles are created equally, so consider using the Clinical Queries Find Systematic Reviews function to pull-up highly regarded meta-analyses, guidelines, etc.
In some databases you will see an option for a Text version of the document or a PDF version. In general, the PDF version is preferable as it is most often a scanned version of the original and will therefore contain the graphics. When e-mailing, printing, or saving a group of articles, be sure to select the full-text or PDF option if available.
Some databases contain little full-text, but allow you to link out to Ferris' holdings or the interlibrary loan request form. You will notice the Find it! links following individual citations that will indicate the availability of the article online, in the library, or the need to interlibrary loan the article. Click on the Go button and you will be taken to the online version, library holdings record, or interlibrary loan form to obtain the article you desire. See image below.
Sample Article Link-Out:
interlibrary loan if it is not available on campus.
The NLM Style Guide
NLM Quick Links
- Ali's Guide for formatting citations from Zotero
- Citing a Journal Article with a DOI
- Full Chapter on Citing Journal Articles
- Citing Websites
- NLM Guide with Multiple Formats from Anderson University
Zotero Direct Link: Go directly into this handy citation formatting tool that can only be used in Mozilla Firefox.
- Zotero Tutorials: Start right here on the Zotero Support page for multiple options for getting help, and also, see the tutorial on citing from within Word
- Screencast tutorials: Lots to choose from
- Google It!: If you've got a question about Zotero, it can usually be answered by Googling your problem
- For most formatting questions for NLM style, please see: Ali's Guide for formatting citations from Zotero
- If pulling in Citations from International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, you will need to add the journal issue number to the citation information within Zotero
Example: Postgraduate Medicine, vol. 121, (1), pp. 141-151, 2009
In the above example, you would need to add 1 to the Issue field within Zotero
- When using the write and cite function of Zotero, the citation numbers will come in as (#). Ultimately, you'll need to change those numbers to superscript, without the parentheses. DO NOT MAKE ANY FORMATTING CHANGES TO YOUR NUMBERS UNTIL THE PAPER IS DONE. IF YOU ERASE ANY OF THOSE NUMBERS, YOU'LL ALSO ERASE THE ZOTERO CODING NEEDED FOR CITATION ORDER.
- When citing multiple authors using Zotero's write and cite feature, non-sequential numbers are separated by a semicolon, and it should instead be a comma.
- The citations go before the punctuation mark. Please click here to see a guide from UNC.
Find Articles using databases.
Find Journals in the online catalog's journals tab.
Find books, videos, and other library holdings using the online catalog.
Any more questions? Contact: Alison (Ali) Konieczny / Email / Phone: 231-591-3696 / Office: FLITE 315
Don't forget, you are welcome to come to the Oval Information Desk and ask for help any time. You can also call us 231-591-3602 or chat with us.
Last update: March 1, 2011