|Alison (Ali) Konieczny|
|Office: FLITE 315|
- Handbook of Pharmaceutical Excipients
- Encyclopedia of Pharmaceutical Technology (online), also available in print
- Stat!Ref: Search the contents of many books online, including AHFS Drug Information. Bibliography will likely contain reference to manufacturer.
- Drug Facts and Comparisons
- Micromedex:Call the Reference Desk at 591-3602 for password
Primary sources for health and medicine tend to be original research articles, such as clinical studies and randomized controlled trials. When reading a primary source, the methodology, research, and results suggest that the author(s) were actively involved in working with patients or other test subjects/materials to analyze and report the outcomes.
To clarify what primary sources are, please click here to see a guide produced by James Cook University.
Instructions for finding Primary Sources in PubMed
- Go to PubMed and click on the Limits Tab
- Type in your search term. For this page Gliadel Wafers will be used as an example. If your product has more than one word in its name, you may want to put your search in quotes so the words are searched side by side, so in this case "Gliadel Wafers" or "Gliadel Wafer" was used (Note, both singular and plural forms of wafer used)
- Scroll down the limits page, and under Type of Article, select articles types: Clinical Trial, Randomized Controlled Trial, and Comparative Study - These are all Primary Research
- At the bottom of the limits screen, under Default Tag, you may wish to select Title/Abstract - this tells Pubmed to search for your terms only in the title and abstract. Then, click on GO.
- Your results list will appear, along with a yellow bar indicating the limits you placed on your search.
- To get the full text of one of the primary research articles, click into the record. When you are in the record you will notice the Find It link. Click on the link, and see how the article is available.
- Click on the Go button and you will be taken to the online version, library holdings record, or interlibrary loan form to obtain the article you desire. See image below.
Sample Article Link-Out:
- Finally, you may want to revise your search if you did not get the results you were expecting. You may have found a different keyword that works better (scroll to the bottom of the screen when in an article record and see if there are other terms that mean the same thing, read the abstracts/articles). In the case of "Gliadel Wafers" or "Gliadel Wafer", when the search was modifed to Gliadel, the number of records increased from 8 to 9 relevant results. When the search was changed to Carmustine wafers (Carmustine is the active ingredient - no quotes used), 10 results were found. Trying BCNU wafer or BCNU wafers, 13 results were found. So, play around with your search terms and examine the different results.
- FDA website: Don't forget to check the FDA's website for product information. Use the search box in the upper right-hand corner to find product information, and get a more focused results list by searching in The FDA Approved Drug Products Database
Any more questions? Contact: Alison (Ali) Konieczny / Email / Phone: 231-591-3696 / Office: FLITE 315
Don't forget, you are welcome to come to the Oval Information Desk and ask for help any time. You can also call us 231-591-3602 or chat with us.
Last update: Jan. 13, 2009