Garrett and the APA
controversy surrounding Cattell recalls similar events more than
30 years ago when Henry E. Garrett, then past-President of the
American Psychological Association, publicly embraced the segregationist
agenda of the Citizens' Council movement. In one January 1968
article Garrett published in the Citizens' Council monthly journal
The Citizen, the Columbia University psychologist argued
that "Despite glamorized accounts to the contrary, the history
of Black Africa over the past 5,000 years is largely a blank,"
and, "The crime record of the Negro in the United States
is little short of scandalous." (The Citizen, "Scientist
Explains Race Differences," by Henry E. Garrett, Ph.D., pp.
14-19). Garrett was a militant opponent of the 1954 Supreme Court's
decision in Brown v. Board of Education which mandated school
desegregation and he used his credentials as a psychologist --
and as a past president of the APA -- to legitimize his opinion
that, "Should school desegregation becomes complete either
North or South, we can expect total demoralization and then disorganization
in that order." (Ibid. See, also, "I.Q. and Racial Differences,"
by Henry E. Garrett, Ph.D. Newport Beach, CA: Noontide Press,
Source: Garrett, Henry E. "Scientist Explains Race Differences" The Citizen Jan 1968:14-19