Frederick Osborn on Wickliffe Draper
The follow memo is part of the American Eugenics
Society Papers currently held at the American Philosophical Society
Library in Philadelphia. It was written by Frederick Osborn, then
Secretary of the American Eugenics Society.
December 16, 1954
Memorandum for the Eugenic Society
FO lunched with Wickliffe Draper at his apartment,
522 East 57th Street, on Tuesday, October 26th. In a general conversation
covering the field of eugenics, FO advised him that the membership
and subscription list had grown from 200 to 600 in the past three
years; that the Society had not approached self-support as rapidly
as we had hoped when the original Draper grant was made; on the
other hand, that FO had contributed more than twice as much as
the contribution he had originally indicated to Draper he would
make. FO then asked whether Draper would be willing to renew the
Pioneer Fund grant for another five years.
Draper said that if the Eugenic Society would
take a strong public position along the lines of his thinking,
he would not only renew the grant but would be willing to guarantee
full support of the Society over at least a five year period.
But if they did not want to take a strong position along the lines
of his ideas, he would not make any more contributions.
He outlined his ideas to include measures for
establishing racial homogeneity in the United States and other
proposals which had, at present, no basis in scientific findings.
FO told him that, under these circumstances, the Society would
have to look elsewhere for its funds.
Osborn's resignation letter:
Frederick Osborn Resigns from Pioneer
April 28, 1958
Mr. Wickliffe P. Draper
322 East 57th Street
New York, N.Y.
I have today sent my resignation from the Pioneer
Fund to Mr. Guild as per copy attached. With this I am sending
you my very warm thanks for an association that has meant a lot
to me over the years. Also I am sending my warm good wishes for
any new venture you may engage in.
We both feel deeply the need for improving the
genetic potential of our people. We differ only as to means. Which
may be most successful is a matter of judgement and may indeed
depend a great deal on time and circumstance. My own view is a
cautious and conservative development based on the gradual advance
of science. It may not be the best but it is the only to which
I am entirely committed and at my age I had better stick to it.
Good luck and warm good wishes.
"Frederick Osborn on Wickliffe Draper" Memo, AND "Osborn's resignation letter.