Conway Zirkle (1895-1972)

ISAR Bibliography

[28 October 1895.  Conway Zirkle is born in Richmond, Virginia, the only son of Charles Milton Zirkle and Mary Louise Timberlake Zirkle.  She is from Staunton, Virginia.  The Zirkle family have been Virginia farmers for six generations.]

[1918-1919.  Zirkle serves in the U.S. Army Medical Corps.]

[1920-21.  Zirkle is an instructor in biology at the University of Virginia.]

[1921.  B.S.,  University of Virginia.]

[1921.  M.S.,  University of Virginia.]

[1921-24.  Assistant in botany, Johns Hopkins University.]

[1923.  Zirkle is an exchange graduate student at Kings College, University of London.  He studies there with Reginald Ruggles Gates, who is a Professor of Botany.]

[4 October 1923.  Zirkle marries Helen Emily Kingsbury, whom he met at Johns Hopkins.  She was born in San Francisco on 30 June 1898, the daughter of Willard DeLamater Kingsbury & Clara Stanbridge Kingsbury.  She received B.A. (1920) and M.A. (1921) degrees from Bryn Mawr College.  She did postgraduate work at Johns Hopkins (1921-22), where she met Zirkle, and was a teacher at the Roland Park Country School in Baltimore (1921-23).   After her marriage, she was the director of the Allford Lake Camp (1924-30).  She pursued postgraduate studies at Radcliffe College during 1929-30, while Zirkle worked at Harvard.  After he joined the faulty of the University of Pennsylvania, she became a member of the board of the Philadelphia YWCA (1934-38).  During World War II she was the director of consumer interests work for the Penn. Council Def.   She taught at Brown Preparatory School in Philadelphia (1947-49), and subsequently became an officer in several philaletic organizations.  (Who's Who Among American Women listed her as "philatelist.")
    Her father, Willard DeLamater Kingsbury, was the son of William B. Kingsbury and Helen DeLamater.  He received an A.B. degree from the College of the Pacific (1889) and studied at Stanford University (1893-94).   He was a teacher at the Horace Mann Grammar School in San Francisco, and in October 1929.
    Her aunt, Susan Myra Kingsbury (1870-1949), was an early social welfare expert.   She was born in San Pablo, California, received an A.B. degree from the College of the Pacific in 1890, and was a history teacher at Lowell High School in San Francisco (1892-1900).  She received an A.M. degree (history) from Stanford University in 1899.  She was a history instructor at Vassar College (1904-05).   In 1905 she received a Ph.D. from Columbia University.  She was a professor of economics at Simmons College (1906-15) and professor and head of the graduate department of social economics & social research at Bryn Mawr College (1915-1949), where Helen Kingsbury Zirkle studied.]

[1924. Zirkle is an exchange graduate student at the University of Geneva.  He studies with Robert Chodat.]

 

1925

[1925.  Ph.D, Johns Hopkins University.]

Zirkle, Conway. The Structure of the Chloroplast in Certain Higher Plants. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Johns Hopkins University, 1925.

[9 July 1925.  American Journal of Botany receives Zirkle, "The Structure of the Chloroplast in Certain Higher Plants."]

[1925-30.  Zirkle is at Harvard University.  He works with Edward M. East at its Bussey Institution in Jamaica Plains.  From 1925 to 1928, is National Research Council fellow.  In 1929-30, is a Research Associate.  On the Bussey Institution, see William Provine, "William Ernest Castle, Edward Murray East, and the Bussey Institution of Harvard," ch. 2 of Sewell Wright & Evolutionary Biology (1986).]

 

1926

Zirkle, Conway.  "The Structure of the Chloroplast in Certain Higher Plants. Part I."  American Journal of Botany 13 (May 1926):  300-320.
   [Zirkle thanks Ruggles Gates and Chodat for help and the use of their laboratories, and Prof. Duncan D. Johnson of Johns Hopkins, who initially suggested the project.]

Zirkle, Conway.  "The Structure of the Chloroplast in Certain Higher Plants. Part II."  American Journal of Botany 13 (June 1926):  321-341.

Zirkle, Conway. The Structure of the Chloroplast in Certain Higher Plants.  Botanical Contribution from the Johns Hopkins University, no. 82.  Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 1926.
   [Reprinted from American Journal of Botany 13 (May & June 1926).]

Zirkle, Conway.  "Some Numerical Results of Selection Upon Polyhybrids."  Genetics 11 (1926):   531-583.

 

1927

East, Edward M.  Heredity and Human Affairs.  New York:  Scribners, 1927.
   [At p. vii: "In a more personal way I wish to make a grateful acknowledgement ... to my friend Doctor Conway Zirkle, who has scanned the entire manuscript with the eyes of a sympathetic critic, and who has contributed to Chapter X a genetic analysis of the work of Doctor Franz Boas on the changes in head shape found in the children of certain immigrants ..."
    At p. 201: "The chief source of the environmentalist dogma ... is the work of Boas on the differences in the average cephalic indices between the children of Hebrew and Sicilian New Yorkers and their foreign-born parents. It has become a Holy Writ for sociologists ... I am glad ... to be able to include in this chapter a criticism hitherto unpublished which has been prepared by Doctor Conway Zirkle ..."
    Zirkle refers to this in his review of The Nature-Nurture Controversy, by Nicholas Pastore, in Isis (July 1950).]

Zirkle, Conway.  "The Growth and Development of Plastids in Lunularia vulgaris, Elodea canadenis, and Zea Mays."  American Journal of Botany 14 (October 1927):   429-445.
   [Zirkle is at the Bussey Institution.  The work was done while he was a National Research Fellow in Botany.  He thanks Edward M. East.]

Zirkle, Conway.  "Some Fixatives for Both Nuclei and Mitochondria."  Science 66 (October 28, 1927):  400-401.

 

1928

[7 March 1928.   Protoplasma receives Zirkle, "The Effects of Hydrogen-Ion Concentration Upon the Fixation Image of Various Salts of Chromium."]

Zirkle, Conway C.  "The Effects of Hydrogen-Ion Concentration Upon the Fixation Image of Various Salts of Chromium."  Protoplasma 4 (June 1928):  201-227.
   [Zirkle thanks E.M. East, in whose laboratory the work was conducted.]

[14 June 1928.  Protoplasma receives Zirkle, "Fixation Images with Chromates and Acetates."]

Zirkle, Conway.   "Nucleolus in Root Tip Mitosis in Zea Mays."  Botanical Gazette 86 (December 1928):  402-418.

[14 December 1928.  Botanical Gazette accepts Zirkle, "Development of Normal and Divergent Plastid Types in Zea Mays."]

 

1929

Zirkle, Conway.   "Fixation Images with Chromates and Acetates."  Protoplasma 5 (January 1929): 511-534.
   [Zirkle thanks E.M. East.]

[1929-30.  Zirkle is a research associate at Harvard University.]

Zirkle, Conway.   "Development of Normal and Divergent Plastid Types in Zea Mays."  Botanical Gazette 88 (October 1929):  186-203.

 

1930

Zirkle, Conway.  "The Use of N-Butyl Alcohol in Dehydrating Woody Tissue for Parrafin Embedding."  Science 71 (January 24, 1930):  103-104.
   [Zirkle's affiliation is given as the Arnold Arboretum and Bussey Institution, Harvard.]

[1930-37.  Zirkle is an associate professor of botany at the University of Pennsylvania.  He arrived in Philadelphia after 5 years of postdoctoral work with E.M. East and remained there for the rest of his life;  in 1937 he became a full professor and in 1966 he became professor emeritus.]

[20 September 1930.  Cytologica receives Zirkle, "Nucleoli of the Root Tip and Cambium of Pinus Strobus."]

[14 November 1930.  Journal of General Physiology accepts Bailey & Zirkle, "The Cambium and Its Derivative Tissues. VI. The Effect of Hydrogen Ion Concentration in Vital Staining."]

 

1931

Bailey, I.W., and Conway Zirkle.   "The Cambium and Its Derivative Tissues. VI. The Effect of Hydrogen Ion Concentration in Vital Staining."  Journal of General Physiology 14 (January 20, 1931):  363-383.

Zirkle, Conway.   "Nucleoli of the Root Tip and Cambium of Pinus Strobus." Cytologica 2 (March 1931):  85-105

 

1932

[12 May 1932. Protoplasma receives Zirkle, "Cytological Fixation with the Lower Fatty Acids, Their Compounds and Derivatives."]

Zirkle, Conway.   "Vacuoles in Primary Meristems."  Zeitschrift für Zellforschung und Mikroskopische Anatomie 16 (September 5, 1932):  26-47.
   [The journal was edited in Berlin by Richard Goldschmidt.   The manuscript was received 6 April 1932.]

Zirkle, Conway.  "Some Forgotten Records of Hybridization and Sex in Plants, 1716-1739."  Journal of Heredity 23 (November 1932):  433-448.
   [This was his first paper on the history of biology.]

 

1933

Zirkle, Conway.   "Cytological Fixation with the Lower Fatty Acids, Their Compounds and Derivatives."  Protoplasma 18 (February 1933):  90-111.

[28 February 1933.  Protoplasma receives Zirkle, "Some Dicarboxylic Acids as Components of Fixing Fluids."]

Lewis, Ivey F., Conway Zirkle, and Ruth Patrick.  "Algae of Charlottesville and Vicinity."  Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 48 (April 1933):  207-222.

[11 May 1933.  Protoplasma receives Zirkle, "Aldehydes as Cytological Fixatives."]

[14 August 1933.  Protoplasma receives Zirkle, "Amines in Cytological Fixing Fluids."]

Zirkle, Conway.  "Some Dicarboxylic Acids as Components of Fixing Fluids."  Protoplasma 19 (September 1933):  565-577.

Zirkle, Conway.   "Aldehydes as Cytological Fixatives."  Protoplasma 20 (November 1933):  169-180.

 

1934

Zirkle, Conway.  "More Records of Plant Hybridization Before Koelreuter."  Journal of Heredity 25 (January 1934):  3-18.

Zirkle, Conway.   "Amines in Cytological Fixing Fluids."  Protoplasma 20 (February 1934):  473-482.
   [His last paper in Protoplasma.]

Zirkle, Conway.  "Butyl Alcohol and Cytological Technique."  Science 80 (November 23, 1934):   481.

 

1935

Zirkle, Conway.  The Beginnings of Plant Hybridization.  Morris Arboretum Monographs 1. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1935.

Zirkle, Conway.  "The Inheritance of Acquired Characters and the Provisional Hypothesis of Pangenesis."   American Naturalist 69 (September-October 1935):  417-445.
   [This is his first paper on Lamarckism.]

 

1936

Zirkle, Conway.   "Animals Impregnated by the Wind."  Isis 25 (May 1936):   95-130.
   [An interesting first essay in Isis.  He will publish 8 essays and over 100 reviews there.]

Zirkle, Conway.   "Further Notes on Pangenesis and the Inheritance of Acquired Characters."   American Naturalist 70 (November-December 1936):  529-546.

 

1937

[1937-72.  Zirkle is Professor of Botany, University of Pennsylvania.]

Zirkle, Conway.  "The Plant Vacuole."  Botanical Review 3 (January 1937):  1-30.

[February 1937.  Zirkle joins the editorial board of Isis for botany.]

Zirkle, Conway.   "Aceto-Carmine Mounting Media."  Science 85 (May 28, 1937):   528.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Herbarius, by Armand Delatte.  In Isis 27 (November 1937):  531-532.
   [This is the first of over 100 reviews Zirkle published in Isis.  He was one of the most frequent contributors to the review section;  others included Ashley-Montagu, Robert K. Merton, & George Sarton, the founder & editor of Isis.]

 

1938

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Food America Gave the World, by A. Hyatt Verrill.  In Isis 29 (July 1938):   153-155.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Yearbook of Agriculture, 1936, by U.S. Department of Agriculture. In Isis 29 (July 1938):  182-183.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of A History of Agricultural Experimentation and Research in the United States, 1607-1925.   In Isis 29 (July 1938):  183-184.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Botanic Gardens of the World, by C. Stuart Gager.  In Isis 29 (July 1938):   185-186.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Coming Into Being Among the Australian Aborigines, by M.F. Ashley-Montagu.  In Isis 29 (July 1938):  192-194.

 

1939

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Genetics and the Origin of Species, by Theodosius Dobzhansky.  In Isis 30 (February 1939):  128-131.
   [Zirkle reviews all of the major works of the neo-Darwinian synthesis in Isis.]

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Herbals.   In Isis 30 (February 1939):  131-132.

[May 1939 - April 1944.   Zirkle is secretary of the board of trustees, Biological Abstracts   from vol. 13, no. 5 to vol. 18, no. 4.]

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The American Plant Migration: I. The Potato, by Berthold Laufer.  In Isis 30 (August 1939):  551-552.

 

1940

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The World Was My Garden, by David Fairfield.  In Isis 32 (January 1947): 164-165.
   [This issue was scheduled for publication July 1940, but was delayed by the German invasion of Belgium.]

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Hunger and History, by E. Parmalee Prentice.  In Isis 32 (January 1947): 227-229.

Zirkle, Conway.   "Combining Fixing, Staining and Mounting Media."  Stain Technology 15 (October 1940):  139-153.

 

1941

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of A History of Agriculture in Europe and America, by N.S.B. Gras.  In Isis 33 (March 1941):  81-82.

Zirkle, Conway.   "Natural Selection Before the 'Origin of the Species'."  Proceedings of the American Philosophical Association 84 (April 25, 1941):  71-123.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The Badianus Manuscript, by E.W. Emmart.  In Isis 33 (June 1941):   249-251.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The Englishman's Food, by J.C. Drummond and Ann Wilbraham.  In Isis 33 (June 1941):  300-301.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The American and His Food, by Richard Osborn Cummings.  In Isis 33 (September 1941):  350-351.

Zirkle, Conway.  "The Jumar or Cross Between the Horse and the Cow."  Isis 33 (December 1941):   486-506.

 

1942

Ashley Montagu, M.F.  Man's Most Dangerous Myth: The Fallacy of Race.  New York: Columbia University Press, 1942.
   [In the acknowledgements, Ashley Montagu thanks Conway Zirkle for reading the manuscript.]

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of A Short History of the Plant Sciences, by Howard S. Reed.  In Isis 34 (Summer 1942):  36.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Genetics and the Origins of Species, by Theodosius Dobzhansky.  In Isis 34 (Autumn 1942):  181.

 

1943

Zirkle, Conway.  "Soil Exhaustion, the Territorial Limitation of Slavery, and the Civil War."  Isis 34 (Spring 1943):  355-359.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of John Torrey, by Andrew Denny Rodgers III.  In Isis 34 (Spring 1943):   368-369.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of United States Department of Agriculture Yearbook.  In Isis 34 (Autumn 1943):   525-526.

 

1944

[January 1944 - May 1973.   Zirkle is advisory editor (cytology) of the Botanical Review  from vol. 10, no. 1 to vol. 48, no. 3.]

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Systematics and the Origin of Species, by Ernst Mayr.  In Isis 35 (Winter 1944):   44-45.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Trees and Test Tubes: The Story of Rubber, by Charles Morrow Wilson.  In Isis 35 (Winter 1944):  45-46.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Evolution: The Modern Synthesis, by Julian Huxley.  In Isis 35 (Spring 1944):   192-194.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Garden Islands of the Great East, by David Fairchild.  In Isis 35 (Spring 1944):   194-195.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of A History of Livestock Raising in the United States, 1607-1860, by James Westfall Thompson.  In Isis 35 (Spring 1944):  195.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Hurricanes, by Ivan Ray Tannehill.  In Isis 35 (Spring 1944):  195-196.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Man's Food:  Its Rhyme or Reason, by Mark Graubard.  In Isis 35 (Spring 1944): 196-197.
   [This includes wry comments on New Deal agricultural planners.]

[31 August 1944.  The manuscript of a festschrift for George Sarton, founder and editor of Isis, is presented to him in Cambridge, Mass.  It includes Zirkle, "The Discovery of Sex-Influenced, Sex-Limited and Sex-Linked Heredity."  The book is published in 1946.]

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Naturalist at Large, by Thomas Barbour.  In Isis 35 (Autumn 1944):  343-344.

Zirkle, Conway.   "Answer to Query No. 107. Jacob Somerset of Sala, 1813?"  Isis 35 (Autumn 1944):  331.

 

1945

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Food, War and the Future, by E. Parmalee Prentice.  In Isis 36 (October 1945):   75-76.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The Citrus Industry, eds. Herbert John Webber and Leon Dexter.  In Isis 36 (October 1945):  76-77.

 

1946

Zirkle, Conway.  "The Discovery of Sex-Influenced, Sex-Limited and Sex-Linked Heredity."  In Studies and Essays in the History of Science and Learning Offered in Homage to George Sarton on the Occasion of His Sixtieth Birthday, 31 August 1944, edited by M.F. Ashley-Montagu, 169-194.  New York:  Henry Schuman, 1946.

Zirkle, Conway.  "The Early History of the Idea of the Inheritance of Acquired Characters and Pangenesis." Transactions of the American Philosophical Society n.s. 335 (January 1946):   91-151.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of John Merle Coulter: Missionary in Science, by Andrew Denny Rodgers, III.  In Isis 36 (January 1946):  135.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of A Source Book of Agricultural Chemistry, by Charles A. Browne.  In Isis 36 (January 1946):  149-150.

[April 1946 - .  Zirkle is consulting editor (botany) of Stain Technology.]

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory, by Frank R. Lillie.  In Isis 36 (October 1946):  270-271.

 

1947

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Thomas Jefferson's Garden Book, edited by Edwin Morris Betts, Thomas Jefferson and the Scientific Trends of His Time, by Charles A. Browne, Jefferson and Agriculture, by Everett E. Edwards, and Thomas Jefferson.  In Isis 37 (May 1947):   84-85.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of American Botany, 1873-1892, by Andrew Denny Rodgers, III.  In Isis 37 (May 1947):   89-90.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The Wheats of Classical Antiquity, by Naum Jasny.  In Isis 37 (May 1947):   96.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The New Genetics in the Soviet Union, by P.S. Hudson and R.H. Richens.  In Isis 37 (May 1947):  106-108.
   [This and the following review are Zirkle's first published comments on Lysenko.]

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Heredity and Its Variability, by Trofim Denisovich Lysenko.  In Isis 37 (May 1947):   108.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Tempo and Mode in Evolution, by George Gaylord Simpson.  In Isis 37 (May 1947):   109-110.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Plants and Plant Science in Latin America, edited by Frans Verdoorn.  In Isis 37 (May 1947):  110-111.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Two Billion Acre Farm: An Informal History of American Agriculture, by Robert West Howard.   In Isis 37 (May 1947):  111-112.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Goethe's Botany, by Agnes Arber.  In Journal of the History of Medicine 2 (Summer 1947):  408.

Zirkle, Conway.  "Some Synthetic Resins in Combined Fixing, Staining and Mounting Media."  Stain Technology 22 (July 1947):  87-97.

Zirkle, Conway.  "The Theory of Concentric Circles:  Edmund Halley, Cotton Mather, and John Cleves Symes." Isis 37 (July 1947):  155-159.

Zirkle, Conway.   "Population Problems."  Isis 38 (November 1947):  28-33.

 

1948

[17 March 1948.  The Council of the American Association of Pathologists and Bacteriologists requests that the Biological Stain Commission prepare a study of the currently available histologic mounting methods.  On 25 March the Biological Stain Commission names Ralph D. Lillie, William F. Windle, and Conway Zirkle as a Committee on Histologic Mounting Media.]

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of English Naturalists from Neckam to Ray, by Charles E. Raven.  In Isis 39 (August 1948):  196-197.

[31 July-7 August 1948.   Session of the V.I. Lenin All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences (LAAAS), held in the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Agriculture Club, Moscow.  This is the apotheosis of Lysenkoism.]

 

1949

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The Royal Botanical Expedition to New Spain 1788-1820, edited by Harold William Rickett.   In Journal of the History of Medicine 4 (Winter 1949):  123-124.

Zirkle, Conway.  "Not the Philadelphia Disease!" Journal of Heredity 40 (February 1949):   55-56.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Douglas of the Fir, by Athelstan George Harvey.  In Isis 40 (February 1949):   66.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Science, Servant of Man, by I. Bernard Cohen.  In Isis 40 (February 1949):   73-75.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Our Plundered Planet, by Fairfield Osborn.  In Isis 40 (February 1949):   76-77.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Botanik der Gegenwart und Vorzeit in culturhistorischer Entwicklung, by Karl F.W. Jessen.   In Isis 40 (February 1949):  82.

[16 April 1949.  The Committee on Histologic Mounting Media of the Biological Stain Commission renders an interim progress report on its work.]

[1 June 1949. Stain Technology receives Lillie, Windle, and Zirkle, "Interim Report of the Committee on Histologic Mounting Media: Resinous Media."]

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The Lungfish, the Dodo, and the Unicorn: An Excursion into Romantic Zoology, by Willy Ley.   In Isis 40 (August 1949):  290.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The Fig, by Ira J. Conduit.  In Isis 40 (August 1949):  290-291.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The Romance of Coffee, by William H. Ukers.  In Isis 40 (August 1949):   291-292.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Freedom from Want: A Survey of the Possibilities of Meeting the World's Food Needs, ed. E.E. DeTurk. In Isis 40 (August 1949):  292-293.

Zirkle, Conway, editor.  Death of a Science in Russia:  The Fate of Genetics as Described in Pravda and Elsewhere.   Philadelphia:  University of Pennsylvania Press, 1949.
   [The preface is dated August 1, 1949.]

Zirkle, Conway.  "The Theoretical Basis of Michurinian Genetics."  Journal of Heredity 40 (October 1949):  277-278.

 

1950

Lillie, Ralph D., William F. Windle, and Conway Zirkle.  "Interim Report of the Committee on Histologic Mounting Media: Resinous Media."  Stain Technology 25 (January 1950):   1-9.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The Avian Egg, by Alexis L. Romanoff and Anastasia J. Romanoff.  In Isis 41 (March 1950):  134-135.

Dobzhansky, Theodosius.   Review of Death of a Science in Russia, by Conway Zirkle, and Heredity, East and West, by Julian Huxley.  In Journal of the History of Medicine 5 (Summer 1950):  339-342.

Sax, Karl.  Review of Death of a Science in Russia, by Conway Zirkle.  In Isis 41 (July 1950): 238-239.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The Nature-Nurture Controversy, by Nicholas Pastore.  In Isis 41 (July 1950):   241-242.

[15-20 July 1950. Conference on Heterosis at the Iowa State College. Zirkle reads "Early Ideas on Inbreeding and Crossbreeding." Published in Heterosis (1952).]

O'Hanlon, Mary Helen.   Review of Death of a Science in Russia, by Conway Zirkle.  In Thought 25 (September 1950):  547-548.

[11-14 September 1950.   Golden Jubilee of Genetics, Ohio State University.  Zirkle reads "The Knowledge of Heredity Before 1900."]

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The Conflict of Science and Society, by C.D. Darlington.  In Isis 41 (December 1950):  319.
    [Zirkle and Darlington had been in communication in connection with the preparation of Death of a Science in Russia (1949).]

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Factors of Evolution, by I.I. Schmalhausen.  In Isis 41 (December 1950):   320-321.

Zirkle, Conway.  "A Possible Early Eighteenth Century Record of Introgression in Oaks."  Journal of Heredity 41 (December 1950):  315-317.

 

1951

[1951-52.  Zirkle is Vice President of Section L (History and Philosophy of Science) of the AAAS.]

[1951-60.  Zirkle is a member of the Editorial Board of the American Naturalist.]

Zirkle, Conway.  "The Knowledge of Heredity Before 1900."  In Genetics in the Twentieth Century:   Essays on the Progress of Genetics During Its First 50 Years, edited by L.C. Dunn, 35-57.  New York:  Macmillan, 1951.

Haring, Douglas G.  Review of Death of a Science in Russia, by Conway Zirkle.  In Russian Review 10 (January 1951): 64-66.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Selected Works, by Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin.  In Isis 42 (April 1951): 80-81.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of A History of Biology, by Charles Singer.  In Isis 42 (April 1951):  82.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Variation and Evolution in Plants, by G. Ledyard Stebbins.  In Isis 42 (April 1951):   83-84.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Index Rafinesquianus, by Elmer D. Merrill.  In Isis 42 (April 1951):  84.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The History and Social Influence of the Potato, by Redcliff N. Salaman.  In Isis 42 (April 1951):  85.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of A People's Academy, by Gennadi Fish.  In Isis 42 (April 1951):  86.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of America's Crop Heritage, by Nelson Klose.  In Isis 42 (April 1951):  86.

Zirkle, Conway.   "Gregor Mendel and His Precursors."  Isis 42 (June 1951):   97-104.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The Nature of Natural History, by Marson Bates.  In Isis 42 (June 1951):   164-165.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Fifty Years of Plant Physiology, by Th. Weevers.  In Isis 42 (June 1951):   165.

Thomson, Earl W.  Review of Death of a Science in Russia, by Conway Zirkle.  In U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 77 (September 1951):  996.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of John William Draper and the Religion of Science, by Donald Fleming.  In Isis 42 (October 1951):  256-257.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Bernard Eduard Fernow: A Story of North American Forestry, by Andrew Denny Rogers III.   In Isis 42 (October 1951):  257.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Science and Common Sense, by James B. Conant.  In Isis 42 (October 1951):   269-271.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Water, Land and People, by Bernard Frank and Anthony Netboy.  In Isis 42 (October 1951):  273-274.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Dragons in Amber, by Willy Ley.  In Isis 42 (October 1951):  274-275.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Evolutionary Thought in America, by Stow Person.  In Isis 42 (October 1951):  275.

[27 December 1951.   Symposium on Soviet science held at annual meeting of the AAAS, in Philadelphia.   Zirkle, who is the Vice President of Section L (History and Philosophy of Science), and Howard A. Meyerhoff (administrative secretary of the AAAS) arranged the symposium, and Zirkle presided over the morning session.]

 

1952

Christman, Ruth C., editor. Soviet Science:  A Symposium Presented on December 27, 1951, at the Philadelphia Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.  Washington:   American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1952.
   [Zirkle writes the preface (pp. v-vi) and the last chapter, "An Appraisal of Science in the USSR".]

Zirkle, Conway.  "Early Ideas on Inbreeding and Crossbreeding."  In Heterosis, edited by John W. Gowen, 1-13.  Ames:  Iowa State College Press, 1952.
   [This volume is a product of the July 1950 Heterosis Conference at Iowa State College.  It is reprinted in 1964.]
    Cited in:
    Diane B Paul & Barbara A Kimmelman, "Mendel in America: Theory and Practice, 1900-1919," in The American Development of Biology, edited by Ronald Rainger, Keith R Benson & Jane Maienschein, pp. 281-310, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1988

[29 March 1952.  American Committee for Cultural Freedom conference at Waldorf-Astoria. "The split [within the ACCF over McCarthyism] was publically dramatized on March 29, 1952, by an ACCF conference 'In Defense of Free Culture' ... There were five speakers, Elmer Rice, Richard Rovere, Mary McCarthy, Professor Conway Zirkle, a scientist, and Max Eastman.  According to [Dwight] Macdonald's notes, the first three argued that the major threat was McCarthyism, while Zirkle held that scientific inquiry was not presently in danger."  William L. O'Neill, A Better World - The Great Schism:  Stalinism and the American Intellectuals, New York:  Simon & Schuster, 1982, p. 298.]

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The Origin, Variation, Immunity and Breeding of Cultivated Plants, by N.I. Vavilov.   In Isis 43 (April 1952): 80.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Horses, by George Gaylord Simpson.  In Isis 43 (April 1952): 80-81.

[23 August 1952.  Stain Technology receives Lillie, Zirkle, Dempsey & Greco, "Final Report of the Committee on Histologic Mounting Media."]

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Human Fertility: The Modern Dilemma, by Robert C. Cook.  In Isis 43 (September 1952): 294-295.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The Old Company's Garden at the Cape and Its Superintendents, by Mia C. Karsten.  In Isis 43 (September 1952):  296-297.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Die Evolutionstheorie, das Grundproblem der moderne Biologie, by Georg Schneider.  In Isis 43 (September 1952):  297-298.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Soviet Genetics, by Alan G. Morton.  In Isis 43 (December 1952):  379-380.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Plants and the Atmosphere, by Leonard K. Nash.  In Isis 43 (December 1952):   380-381.

[31 December 1952.  In an address on the occasion of the end of his tenure as vice president for Section L (History & Philosophy of Science) of the AAAS, Zirkle presents "The Involuntary Destruction of Science in the U.S.S.R."  It is published in the Scientific Monthly (May 1953).]

 

1953

[1953-54. Zirkle is a Vice President of the History of Science Society.]

Lillie, Ralph D., Conway Zirkle, Edward W. Dempsey and Jacqueline P. Greco. "Final Report of the Committee on Histologic Mounting Media."  Stain Technology 28 (March 1953):   57-80.

Zirkle, Conway. "The Involuntary Destruction of Science in the U.S.S.R."  Scientific Monthly 76 (May 1953):  277-283.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Apes and Ape Lore in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, by H.W. Janson.  In Isis 44 (June 1953):  79-80.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Wild Men in the Middle Ages, by Richard Bernheimer.  In Isis 44 (June 1953):   80.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The Origin of Life and the Evolution of Living Things, by Olan R. Hyndman.  In Isis 44 (June 1953):  81.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Plants, Man and Life, by Edgar Anderson.  In Isis 44 (June 1953):  81-82.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Flour for Man's Bread, by John Storck and Walter Dorwin.  In Isis 44 (June 1953):  82-83.

[August 1953.  Conference on "The Problem of Soviet Imperialism" held under the auspices of the School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, in Washington. Zirkle presents "An Evaluation of Soviet Scientific Capabilities." The conference is organized and dominated by leading representatives of the US foreign policy establishment, including such figures as George Kennan and Paul Nitze.  Zirkle's presence here and at the March 1952 ACCF conference exemplifies the ways in which the Cold War, while perhaps on balance fostering the continued development of racial liberalism, also provided new opportunities for scientists who, because of their anti-egalitarian racial attitudes, had actually or potentially been put on the defensive during the previous two decades to reassert themselves as public intellectuals.  (See John David Skrentny, "The Effect of the Cold War on African-American Civil Rights: America and the World Audience, 1945-1968," Theory & Society 27 (April 1998): 237-285.)    Compare the careers of C.D. Darlington and John R. Baker.  The proceedings published in The Threat of Soviet Imperialism (1954).]

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Carl Linnæus, by Knut Hagberg.  In Isis 44 (September 1953):  288-289.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Science and the Social Order, by Bernard Barber.  In Isis 44 (September 1953):   296-298.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of In the Name of Science, by Martin Gardner.  In Isis 44 (September 1953):   298.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The Mind and the Eye, by Agnes Arber.  In Isis 44 (September 1953):  300.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The Mighty Leaf: Tobacco Through the Centuries, by Jerome E. Brooks.  In Isis 44 (December 1953):  394-395.

[27-28 December 1953.   Annual meeting of the History of Science Society, held in Boston in conjunction with the AAAS convention.  Zirkle chairs a session at which Edward Lurie reads "Louis Agassiz and the Races of Man."]

 

1954

Zirkle, Conway.  "An Evaluation of Soviet Scientific Capabilities."  In The Threat of Soviet Imperialism, ed. C. Grove Haines, 152-166.  Baltimore:  The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1954.

Zirkle, Conway.   "Father Adam and the Races of Man:  Some Notes on Medieval Anthropology." Journal of Heredity 45 (January-February 1954):  29-34.

[1954. I. Bernard Cohen, editor of Isis, appoints a committee to study the reorganization of the critical biography on the history of science that it publishes annually.  Zirkle is a member.]

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Historical Aspects of Organic Evolution, by Philip G. Fothergill.  In Isis 45 (May 1945):  103-105.

Zirkle, Conway.   "Citation of Fraudulent Data."  Science 120 (July 30, 1954):   189-190.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Plough and Pasture: The Early History of Farming, by E. Cecil Curwen and Gudmund Hatt.   In Isis 45 (September 1954):  301-302.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of History of the Rose, by Roy E. Shepard.  In Isis 45 (September 1954): 302-303.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Thomas Jefferson's Farm Book, ed. Edwin Morris Betts.  In Isis 45 (September 1954):  402-403.

[27 December 1954.  Zirkle reads the Phi Beta Kappa address, "Our Splintered Learning and the Status of Scientists," at the AAAS convention in Berkeley.]

 

1955

[1955-57.  Zirkle is a Member of the Council of the History of Science Society.]

[1955.  Zirkle delivers the Philomathean Lectures on "Darwin's Impact Upon Modern Thought:  The Cultural Heritage of 20th Century Man."]

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Indian Corn in Old America, by Paul Weatherwax.  In Isis 46 (March 1955):   64-65.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Science and Civilization in China, vol. I: Introductory Orientations, by Joseph Needham.  In Scientific Monthly 80 (March 1955):  205.

Zirkle, Conway.  "Our Splintered Learning and the Status of Scientists."  Science 121 (April 15, 1955):  513-519.
   [This is based on his Phi Beta Kappa address on at the December 1954 Berkeley meeting of the AAAS.]

 

1956

Zirkle, Conway.   "Darwin's Impact Upon Modern Thought:  The Cultural Heritage of 20th Century Man."  Pennsylvania Literary Review (1956):  63-71.
   [An undergraduate journal at the University of Pennsylvania, in its 2nd year.]

Zirkle, Conway.   "L'affaire Lysenko: Spring 1956."  Journal of Heredity 47 (March-April 1956):  47-54.

Clagett, Marshall, I. Bernard Cohen, I.E. Drabkin, John F. Fulton, Henry Guerlac, and Conway Zirkle.  "George Sarton, 1884-1956."  Isis 47 (June 1956): 99-100.

[12-18 September 1956.   A "Symposium on Individuality and Personality" is held at the Princeton Inn, Princeton, NJ, under auspices of the Foundation for American Studies.  Zirkle speaks on "Some Biological Aspects of Individualism."  The conference is an early mobilization of the new postwar right.  Its subject is "modern society & its seemingly irresistible urge to socialize & regiment the thought & action of the individual."  Participants include Milton Friedman, John Dos Passos, Fredrich A. Hayek, Richard M. Weaver, Helmut Schoeck, Felix Morley, Joseph Wood Krutch, Roger J. Williams, etc., scholars who "have shown a particular awareness of the ... challenge to ... individual privacy, responsibility, and self-determination."  Papers from the conference are published in Essays on Individuality (1958).]

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of La Révolution Agricole, by Michel Augé-Laribé.  In Isis 47 (December 1956): 433.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Salamanders and Other Wonders, by Willy Ley.  In Isis 47 (December 1956): 433-434.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The Prevalence of People, by Marston Bates, Hungry Generations: The Nineteenth Century Case Against Malthusianism, by Harold A. Boner, and Standing Room Only: The Challenge of Over-Population, by Karl Sax.  In Isis 47 (December 1956):   434-438.

 

1957

[1957.   At the second annual series of Martin G. Brumbaugh Lectures in Education at the University of Pennsylvania, Zirkle lectures on "Our Biological Inheritance."  The paper is published in The Emergence of the Modern Mind (1958).]

Zirkle, Conway.   "Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Malthus and the United States Census."  Isis 48 (March 1957):  58-62.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The Facts of Life, by C.D. Darlington.  In Isis 48 (March 1957):  71-73.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of One Man in His Time, by. N.M. Borodin.  In Isis 48 (March 1957):  97-99.

[11 October 1957.  Zirkle delivers "John Clayton and Our Colonial Botany" at a meeting of the Garden Club of Virginia, in Williamsburg. Published in Virginia Magazine of History and Biography (1959).]

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The Biological Basis of Human Freedom, by Theodosius Dobzhansky.  In Isis 48 (December 1957):  475-476.

 

1958

Zirkle, Conway.  "Some Biological Aspects of Individualism."  In Essays on Individuality. edited by Felix Morley, 37-62.  Philadelphia:  University of Pennsylvania Press, 1958.

Zirkle, Conway.  "Our Biological Inheritance."  In The Emergence of the Modern Mind, edited by Frederick C. Gruber, 19-39.  The Martin G. Brumbaugh Lectures in Education, Second Series.  Philadelphia:  University of Pennsylvania Press, 1958.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Psychology in the Soviet Union, edited by Brian Simon.  In Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 316 (March 1958):  159-160.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Doctor and Patient in Soviet Russia, by Mark G. Field.  In Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 316 (March 1958):  160.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of John and William Bartram's America, edited by Helen Gere Cruickshank.  In William and Mary Quarterly 15 (April 1958):  269-270.

Zirkle, Conway.  "The First Recognized Plant Hybrid."  Journal of Heredity 49 (July-August 1958):  137-138.

Zirkle, Conway.   "Pavlov's Beliefs."  Letter.  Science 128 (December 12, 1958):  1476.

 

1959

Zirkle, Conway.  Evolution, Marxian Biology, and the Social Scene.  Philadelphia:  University of Pennsylvania Press, 1959.
   Cited in:
    LC Dunn, "When Dogma Meets Fact," Review in New York Times Book Review (April 16, 1959): 6
    Theodosius Dobzhansky, Review in Science 129 (May 29, 1959): 1479-1480
    James C King, "The Acquisition of Inherited Characters by Evolution," Review in Eugenics Quarterly 6 (December 1959): 249-253
    Georges Canguilhem, Review in Archives internationales d'histoire des sciences 13 (January-June 1960): 159-160
    Bert James Loewenberg, Review in Annals of the American Academy of Political & Social Science 328 (March 1960): 214
    David Joravsky, Review [and exchange with Zirkle] in Isis 51 (Sept. 1960): 348-351
    CD Darlington, Review in Heredity 15 (November 1960): 329-330
    Walter Hirsch, "The Autonomy of Science in Totalitarian Societies," Social Forces 40 (October 1961): 15-22
    George W Stocking Jr, "Lamarckianism in American Social Science: 1890-1915," Journal of the History of Ideas 23 (April-June 1962): 239-256
    Mihaly Bartalos, "The Lysenkoists," Letter in Science 149 (September 24, 1965): 1444
    CD Darlington, "Human Society & Genetics," In Race & Modern Science, edited by Robert E. Kuttner, pp. 225-259, New York: Social Science Press, 1967
    CD Darlington, "The Genetics of Society," Past and Present, no. 43 (May 1969): 3-33
    David Joravsky, The Lysenko Affair, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1970
    Maxim W. Mikulak, "Darwinism, Soviet Genetics, and Marxism-Leninism," Journal of the History of Ideas 31 (July-September 1970): 359-376
    Robert M Young, "Evolutionary Biology and Ideology: Then and Now," Social Studies of Science 1 (April 1971): 17-206
    Derek Freeman, "Aggression: Instinct or Symptom," Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 5 (June 1971): 66-77
    Ralph Colp, Jr, "The Contacts Between Karl Marx and Charles Darwin," Journal of the History of Ideas 35 (April-June 1974): 329-338
    Lester R Aronson, "The Case of The Case of the Midwife Toad," Behavior Genetics 5 (April 1975): 115-125
    Marc Lappé, "Reflections on the Non-Neutrality of Hypothesis Formation," Clinical Research 24 (February 1976): 56-63
    Ian Mitchell, "Marxism and German Scientific Materialism," Annals of Science 35 (July 1978): 379-400
    Bob Young, "Getting Started on Lysenkoism," Radical Science Journal, nos. 6/7 (1978): 81-105
    Greta Jones, "British Scientists, Lysenko and the Cold War," Economy and Society 8 (February 1979): 26-58
    Diane Paul, "'In the Interests of Civilization': Marxist Views of Race and Culture in the Nineteenth Century," Journal of the History of Ideas 42 (January-March 1981): 115-138
    JW Jamieson [Roger Pearson], "Conway Zirkle & the Persistence of 'Marxian Biology' in the Western Social Sciences," Mankind Quarterly 22 (Spring 1982): 185-191
    DC Bellomy, "Social Darwinism Revisited," Perspectives in American History 1 (1984): 1-129
    Greta Jones, Science, Politics and the Cold War, London: Routledge, 1988
    Roger Pearson, "The Concept of Heredity in Western Thought: Part Two," Mankind Quarterly 35 (1995): 343

 

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Linnaeus Commemorated: 1707 - May 23rd - 1957.  In Journal of the History of Medicine 14 (January 1959):  123-124.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of A History of Luminescence from the Earliest Times Until 1900, by E. Newton Harvey.   In Isis 50 (March 1959):  68-69.

[April 1959. Commemoration of the Centennial of the Origin of Species, at Annual Meeting of the American Philosophical Society.  Zirkle reads "Species Before Darwin."   Published in Proceedings (October 15, 1959).]

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Gregor Mendel und das Schicksal seiner Vererbungsgesetze, by Ingo Krumbiegel.  In Isis 50 (June 1959):  184-185.

Zirkle, Conway.  "John Clayton and Our Colonial Botany."  Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 67 (July 1959):  284-294.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Evolution by Natural Selection, by Charles Darwin and Alfred Russell Wallace, Darwin's Century, by Loren Eiseley, and A Century of Darwin, edited by S.A. Barnett.   In Isis 50 (September 1959):  282-285.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Asa Gray, by A. Hunter Dupree.  In Science 130 (October 2, 1959):  855.

Zirkle, Conway.   "Species Before Darwin."  Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 103 (October 15, 1959):  636-644.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of The Sloane Herbarium, edited by J.E. Dandy.  In Isis 50 (December 1959):   492-493.

Zirkle, Conway.   "Forerunners of Darwin."  Review of Forerunners of Darwin, edited by Bentley Glass, Owsei Temkin and William Straus, Jr.  In Evolution 13 (December 1959):  573.

 

1960

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Nature and Man's Fate, by Garrett Hardin.  In Isis 51 (March 1960):  97-98.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Evolution After Darwin, edited by Sol Tax.  In Science 131 (May 20, 1960):   1519-1521.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Origin of Cultivated Plants, by Alphonse de Candole.  In Isis 51 (June 1960):   225-226.

Joravsky, David.  Review of Evolution, Marxian Biology, and the Social Scene, by Conway Zirkle.  In Isis 51 (September 1960):  348-351.
   [This is followed by a response by Zirkle (pp. 351-352) and a further comment by Joravsky (pp. 352-353).  This exchange & Zirkle's 1961 revision of T.H. Morgan's Encyclopedia Britannica article on "Lamarckism" are his last published comments on Lysenkoism.]

[October 1960.  Symposium held in Philadelphia under the auspices of Biological Abstracts to discuss ways of improving biological communications.  Zirkle speaks on Genetic Biology.]

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Louis Agassiz: A Life in Science, by Edward Lurie.  In Science 132 (December 2, 1960):  1655-1656.

 

1961

Morgan, Thomas Hunt, and Conway Zirkle.  "Lamarckism."  In Encyclopedia Britannica.   Chicago:  Encyclopedia Britannica, 1961.
   [This is a revision of an older article by Morgan alone.  (Morgan is of course long dead.) Zirkle revises the discussion of Paul Kammerer, adds material on Lysenko, and generally imparts a Cold War tone.]

Zirkle, Conway.  "Human Evolution and Relativism."  In Relativism and the Study of Man, edited by Helmut Schoeck and James W. Wiggins, 23-44.  The William Volker Fund Series in the Humane Studies, vol. 2.  Princeton:  Van Nostrand, 1961.
   [This contains a vigorous statement of Zirkle's political beliefs. The series of which this book is a part was an important expression of the ideological development of the postwar American right.  Other contributors to the volume include Leo Strauss, Ludwig von Mises, Eliseo Vivas and Richard M. Weaver.]

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Behavior Genetics, by John L. Fuller and W. Robert Thompson.  In Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 333 (January 1961):  153-154.

Zirkle, Conway.   "Degrees and Titles."  Letter.  Science 133 (May 19, 1961):  1626, 1630.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Der Irrweg des Darwinismus, by Robert Nachtwey.  In Isis 52 (September 1961):   423-425.

Zirkle, Conway.   "Genetic Biology." Biological Abstracts 36 (April 15, 1961): xvi-xvii.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Soviet Marxism and Natural Science, 1917-1932, by David Joravsky.  In Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 338 (November 1961):  187-188.

Zirkle, Conway.   "Genetic Biology."  Abstract. Public Health Reports 76 (November 1961):  1035-1036.

 

1962

Zirkle, Conway.  Letter.   In Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 5 (Spring 1962): 384-390.
   [This is an intervention in a larger debate on racial equality that took place in the pages of  Perspectives.   Other participants included Henry E. Garrett, A. James Gregor & Dwight Ingle.]

Zirkle, Conway.   "Rockwell Lecture Series."  Review of Darwin and the Modern World View. by John C. Greene.  In Science 136 (May 11, 1962):  502-503.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Classic Papers in Genetics, edited by James A. Peters.  In Isis 53 (June 1962):   240-241.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Darwin's Vision and Christian Perspectives, edited by Walter J. Ong.  In Isis 53 (September 1962):  396-397.

 

1963

[20 April 1963.  Annual Meeting of the New Jersey Academy of Science, at Glassboro State College.  Zirkle reads "Superfetation and the Delayed Understanding of Mendelian Heredity."  It is abstracted in the Bulletin of the New Jersey Academy of Science and published under the title "Some Oddities in the Delayed Discovery of Mendelism" in the Journal of Heredity (March-April 1964).]

Zirkle, Conway.   "Superfetation and the Delayed Understanding of Mendelian Heredity."   Abstract.  Bulletin of the New Jersey Academy of Science 8 (Spring 1963):  25-26.

Zirkle, Conway.   "Readings in Botany."  Review of Selected Botanical Papers, ed. Irving Knobloch.  In Science 141 (September 20, 1963):  1169.

 

1964

Sirks, Marius Jacob, and Conway Zirkle.  The Evolution of Biology.  New York:  The Ronald Press, 1964.

Zirkle, Conway.  "Early Ideas on Inbreeding and Crossbreeding."  In Heterosis, edited by John W. Gowen, 1-13.  New York:  Hafner, 1964.
   [This is a reprint of the 1952 book]

Zirkle, Conway. "Some Oddities in the Delayed Discovery of Mendelism." Journal of Heredity 55 (March-April 1964): 65-72.
   [Presented 20 April 1963 to the New Jersey Academy of Sciences.]

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Eugenics: Hereditarian Attitudes in American Thought, by Mark H. Haller.  In American Historical Review 67 (April 1964):  779-781.

Zirkle, Conway.   "History of Biology."  Review of Georges Cuvier, Zoologist, by William Coleman. In Science 144 (April 10. 1964):  166-167.

Zirkle, Conway.   "Darwiniana."  Review of Charles Darwin, by Gavin de Beer, and Darwiniana, edited by Asa Gray and A. Hunter Dupree.  In Science 144 (May 8, 1964):  724-725.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Aldrovandi on Chickens, edited by L.R. Lind.  In Isis 55 (September 1964): 388-389.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of A Professor's Story of Hybrid Corn, by Herbert K. Hayes.  In Isis 55 (September 1964):  399-400.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Zellen und Gewebe in G. Valentins "Histiogenia comparata" von 1835 und 1838, edited by Erich Hintzsche.  In Journal of the History of Medicine 19 (October 1964):   430-431.

 

1965

Zirkle, Conway.   "Introduction." In The Anatomy of Plants, by Nehemiah Grew, ix-xviii.  The Sources of Science, no. 11.  New York:  Johnson Reprint Corporation, 1965.
   [Reprint of a 1682 volume, the major work of first botanist to use a microscope.]

Théodoridès, Jean.  Review of The Evolution of Biology, by Marius Jacob Sirks and Conway Zirkle.  In Isis 56 (Spring 1965): 88-90.

[4-7 August 1965.  Mendel Centenary Memorial Symposium at Brno, Czechoslovakia.  Zirkle reads "Some Anomalies in the History of Mendelism."]

[3 November 1965.  Symposium on Mendel at the Catholic University of America.  Zirkle reads "Mendel and His Era."  R.C. Lewontin is also present.  The symposium papers are published in a 1968 volume.]

 

1966

[1966-72.  Zirkle is Professor Emeritus of Botany, University of Pennsylvania.]

Zirkle, Conway.  "Some Anomalies in the History of Mendelism."  In G. Mendel Memorial Symposium, 1865-1965, edited by Milan Sosna, 31-37.  Prague:  Academia, 1966.

Zirkle, Conway.  "A Yearbook of Botanical Bibliography."  Review of Huntia, edited by G.H.M. Lawrence.  In Science 152 (May 13, 1966):  916-917.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of A History of Genetics, by A.H. Sturtevant.  In Isis 57 (Summer 1966):   278-279.

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Botanical Latin, by William T. Stearn.  In Isis 57 (Fall 1966):  398-399.

 

1967

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of A Short History of Genetics, by L.C. Dunn.  In American Scientist 55 (March 1967):  108A-109A.

Zirkle, Conway.  "The Death of Gaius Plinius Secundus (23-79 A.D.)."  Isis 58 (Winter 1967):   553-559.
   [This is Zirkle's 8th and last article in Isis.]

 

1968

Zirkle, Conway.  "An Overlooked 18th Century Contribution to Plant Breeding and Plant Selection."  Journal of Heredity 59 (May-June 1968):  195-198.

Zirkle, Conway.  "The Role of Liberty Hyde Bailey and Hugo de Vries in the Rediscovery of Mendelism."   Journal of the History of Biology 1 (Fall 1968):  205-218.

Zirkle, Conway.   "Mendel and His Era."  In Mendel Centenary:  Genetics, Development and Evolution, edited by Ronald M. Nardone, 122-133.  Washington, D.C.:  Catholic University of America Press, 1968.
   [Proceedings of the November 1965 Catholic University symposium.]

 

1969

Darlington, C.D.  The Evolution of Man and Society.  New York:  Simon and Schuster, 1969.
   [In the acknowledgements, Darlington writes: " ... I should like to thank ... Dr Conway Zirkle ... for advice in correspondence which I found invaluable."]

Zirkle, Conway.  "Plant Hybridization and Plant Breeding in Eighteenth-Century American Agriculture."  Agricultural History 43 (January 1969):  25-38.

Zirkle, Conway.  "To Plow or Not to Plow:  Comment on the Planters' Problems."  Agricultural History 43 (January 1969):  87-89.

Zirkle, Conway.  "Plant Genetics and Cytology."  In A Short History of Botany in the United States, edited by Joseph Ewan.  New York:  Hafner, 1969.

 

1970

Zirkle, Conway.  Review of Darwin and the Beagle, by Alan Moorehead.  In Isis 61 (Summer 1970):   284-285.
   [His last review in Isis.]

 

1972

[28 March 1972.  Zirkle dies at the age of 78.]

 

1976

Zirkle, Conway.   "Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Malthus and the United States Census."   In Early American Science, edited by Brooke Hindle, 38-42.  New York:   Science History Publications, 1976.
   [Reprinted from Isis (March 1957).]

 

1982

Jamieson, J.W.  "Conway Zirkle and the Persistence of 'Marxian Biology' in the Western Social Sciences."   Mankind Quarterly 22 (Spring 1982):  185-191.
    [J.W. Jamieson is a pseudonym of Roger Pearson.  The article is available on the worldwide web at http://www.mankind.org/man24.htm , the web site of Pearson's Council for Social and Economic Studies, Inc.  Parts of the article are incorporated into Pearson's book, Race, Intelligence and Bias in Academe, Washington DC:  Scott-Townsend Publishers, 1991.]

 

1991

Jamieson, J.W. [Roger Pearson].   "'Marxian Biology' in the Western Social Sciences."   Conservative Review 2
(February 1991):  23-26.

Pearson, Roger. "Race, Intelligence and Bias in Academe." Washington DC: Scott-Townsend Publishers, 1991

1995

Pearson, Roger.  "The Concept of Heredity in Western Thought:   Part Two."  Mankind Quarterly 35 (1995):  343
    [Available at http://www.duke.org/data/heredity2-pearson.htm .] 

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