Pharmacy Becomes a Keystone
A group of Ferris pharmacy students from 1898 cluster around Professor Will D. Henderson. Pictured with the professor are Frank Terrel, Claude Harvey, G.W. Cox, Floyd Wren, George Stickney, Ernest Royce, L.L. Martin, and a Mr. Wilson. The scene is the chemistry room.
By 1904, 10 years after the first student had enrolled in the program, the study of pharmacy had become one of the more important facets of the Ferris Institute. The Pharmacy Department was the one which was making money.
The department had its own building and its own catalog, a sort of syllabus of the program. The department was described in this manner:
"The work of the department of pharmacy is the outgrowth of a number of years of actual experience in preparing students for pharmacy. In outlining the work, an effort has been made to prepare a course of study that is practical, systematic and thorough -- a course not too elaborate and advanced for the student who needs to begin at the foundation, yet complete enough for the student who wishes to become a thorough and practical pharmacist.
Fees garnered from the new program in pharmacy soon helped balance the
school's budget, and in 1901 Mr. Ferris decided to build a second building,
called the annex. Pharmacy instruction occupied the entire first floor of the
building. This is the way the building looked shortly after it was completed.
The front entrance was but a passageway away from the main building.
"According to the requirements of the State Board of Pharmacy, candidates for examination as registered pharmacists who do not present a certificate from an accredited school of pharmacy must have at least three year's actual experience compounding drugs in a retail drug store, under the supervision of a registered pharmacist. For assistant, two years' experience is required. Students, however, may offer one year's experience in a store and 18 months' work in the department of pharmacy of an accredited school for registered, and begin at the foundation, yet complete one year's experience, together with nine months' school work for assistant pharmacist." In the two year program, the courses of study included pharmacy, general chemistry, botany, Latin, analytical (quantitative) chemistry, organic chemistry, official pharmacy, pharmacognosy and materia medica, physiology, prescription practice, incompatibilities, and review. Latin was required because the prescriptions were written in Latin. In the days when a person could be registered through apprenticeship programs, there were many stories of the high school Latin teacher giving blocks of time to the local pharmacy apprentice so that he could pass his state board examinations.
The study of pharmacy at Ferris was an outgrowth of W.N. Ferris' year in the University of Michigan medical school. In 1893 Marius Preysz of Barryton asked W.N. Ferris for special training in the subject of pharmacy to prepare himself for the State Board Examination. Ferris reasoned that with his medical school background he could do it, and do it he did.
After the Preysz experiment, other students began to enroll in the Ferris Industrial School to prepare for their state boards. By 1901, despite his apprehension over the hazards of building the first stage of the main building, Ferris began work on a new building, referred to as the annex, to be the center for the study of pharmacy.
Minutes of the meeting of the Board of Trustees of the Ferris Institute, March 7, 1901, show that the item of second importance on the agenda was discussion on constructing a new building. The item of first importance was election of officers of the board for the year.
As the second item of business the minutes report that the matter of erection of a new building was discussed at length and that such a building was much needed. It was the judgment of the trustees that such a building could be erected during the coming summer for a cost not to exceed $10,000. A 1901-02 account book shows that the total cost for the building was $11,009.97.
Trustees agreed to finance the building by declaring an annual dividend of six percent to be paid to the stockholders at the end of the year. Surplus earnings would go into the building and common stock issued to present stockholders pro rata for such surplus. Also that common stock should be offered for sale among the present stockholders and as much money as could be procured in this way should go into the new building.
Any additional sum required for the building was to be borrowed by the Institute and paid back out of the future earnings of the institution.
Before adjournment Trustee George Fairman subscribed for $1,000 worth of common stock; President Ferris for $1,500 worth.
The new three-story building, 70 feet square, was completed by September of 1901. The first section of the main building was approximately 90 feet by 85 feet. Crowded into a space between the street and the main building, the new building was plain in design without any of the Victorian gingerbread of its contemporaries.
The Pharmacy Department occupied the entire first floor of the new building, which was described thus:
"It consists of a lecture room, capable of seating 75 students, with a table suitable for classroom experiments. Adjoining the lecture room is the main laboratory which will accommodate 85 students. Work is carried on there in various branches of pharmacy and chemistry. A special Prescription Department is also part of the laboratory equipment. The supply room is conveniently arranged in connection with the laboratory. A complete scale room and separate laboratory are furnished for quantitative analysis and organic synthesis. Students taking laboratory work are furnished with a desk, which is supplied with nearly all the necessary apparatus for the various experiments. Any apparatus that is not in the student's desk can be borrowed by the supply room, free of charge, if returned in good condition. Chemicals were supplied at cost price."
The third floor of the building was occupied by the Commercial Department, and the second floor housed a large biological laboratory and the kindergarten training school. Facilities of the two buildings allowed for the school to accommodate 1,000 students.
Developing the Pharmacy Department was no small undertaking, and in February, 1898 a minor crisis occurred which set W.N.'s pen in motion.
As Ferris developed his pharmacy training, he made arrangements with the Michigan Board of Pharmacy that one week of work at the Industrial School be counted as two weeks on the record. The same conditions were offered University of Michigan students. With a change in, secretaries to the Michigan Board of Pharmacy came a change in policy, and three of the Ferris students who applied for examination in Grand Rapids were rejected on the grounds they did not have sufficient training because they were being allowed one week's credit for one week at the Industrial. Ferris wrote every member of the Michigan Board of Pharmacy a letter asking for help in solving the problem.
To one he said, "If the privileges I have had in Pharmacy for the past three or four years can be continued, I can make the Pharmacy Department worthy of your honorable board. This school is without support of the state. It is without endowment. In 14 years I have built up a novel enterprise here, and I want to keep in touch with every educational board of the state."
Another got the message with this documentation: "The truth of the matter is, Prof. W.D. Henderson, who received his science training at Michigan University has built up this department until now it gives promise of good results. We secure a class of students that cannot on account of money limitations enter Michigan University. They are men who make a sacrifice. They are men who not infrequently take up preparatory work before taking pharmacy. It is true that they are not always scholarly men. It seems to me, however, that it would not be wise to stand in the way of this class of young men."