Eugenic Research Board Established
By MIKE CULBERT
Gazette Executive Editor
California, Monday, March 30, 1970
for Research and Education on Eugenics and Dysgenics," set
up to study the admittedly controversial area of human genetic
equality and the importance of genetic factors on human intelligence,
is now established and operating through Berkeley.
William Shockley of Stanford University, Nobel Prize-winning inventor
of the transistor and persistent gadfly in the area of genetic
investigation, announced over the weekend the addition of a famed
University of California professor emeritus of paleontology as
a director of FREED which Shockley heads.
Dr. Ralph W. Chaney, Berkeley, long associated with the University
of California-Berkeley, long active in Save the Redwoods League,
the author of numerous books, and, like Dr. Shockley, a member
of the prestigious National Academy of Science.
Chaney joins anatomist Dr. John B.deC.M. Saunders and Shockley
as directors of the recently established non-profit research organization.
AS advisors to FREED are Dr. Walter C. Alvarez, world renowned
for his work in physiology, the Hon. Ernst Gruening (D-Alaska),
and Perry A. Lambird, Oklahoma physician who obtained his M.D.
degree at age 23.
named as advisor to the group, too, is Sir Cyril Burt, a British
pioneer of student psychology, and statistical method and a recognized
expert on identical twins.
Stanley Porteus, a famed psychologist, was associated with FREED
in the early organizational process of the group.
Chaney Named to Research Board
Shockley has announced that FREED's "home address is Post
Office Box 4487 Sather Gate, Berkeley.
Shockley, a nationwide campaigner for drawing attention to the
importance of genetic factors in intelligence and what he calls
"human quality problems," has been rebuffed several
times by the NAS in attempts to impress upon the elite scientific
body the need for fullscale research into genetic problems.
LISTS "three theses" to which members, directors
and advisers adhere in greater or lesser degree:
- That "current reproductive patterns threaten future generations with dysngeic (sic!) deterioration.
- That "significant research on dysgenics is both urgently needed and possible."
- That "countermeasures acceptable in a democracy should be developed concurrently so that if research confirms the worst, dysgenic trends can be remedied by eugenics - the improvement of human genetic quality by applying the known laws of heredity."
Shockley, whose profound interest in the problem spans several
years and numerous public appearances - some of them tumultuous
- defines dysgenics as "the study of mechanisms adverse to
human genetic quality, particularly retrogressive evolution through
disproportionate reproduction of the genetically disadvantaged."
Shockley is in the forefront of a group of savants who stress
the importance of genetics over environment - usually on the order
of 75 to 80 percent - in determining innate human capacities.
a one-man champion of an analysis he says numerous scientists
privately espouse but fear to support publicly, Dr. Shockley has
seen his lectures cancelled because of administrative fears of
responses to his theses and has been muzzled by disrupters - as
at Dartmouth College last October during a meeting of the National
Academy of Sciences.
coined such terms as "inverted liberalism" and "unsearch"
to define what he believes is a failure of the scientific community
to rally to realization of the awesomeness of what he terms "population
latter is the "lowering of the quality of the population"
through programs which continually encourage the interbreeding
of humans at the lower end of the IQ-measurable achievement-performance
THE "quality" of the population is ever descending,
the human race is running an ultimate peril, he believes.
believe that irrefutable evidence continues to accumulate for
the inheritance of genetically controlled, socially maladaptive
traits," he told the NAS last year.
fear that 'fatuous beliefs' in the power of welfare money, unaided
by eugenic foresight may contribute to the decline of human quality"
for all segments of society.
that "the public, the press, the government, and the scientific
community. seek facts relevant to hereditary aspects of
our human quality problems. We believe that from such inquiry
will inevitably come knowledge suggesting wise, humane and appropriate
CHANEY, one of whose most recent honors was receiving the
highest civilian award bestowed by the Department of Interior,
was curator of the UC Museum of Paleontology from 1931 to 1956,
and professor of paleontology during the same time, and retains
"emeritus" standing in both duties.
been assistant director of the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory,
research assistant at the Carnegie Institute, visiting professor
at Stanford and instructor at the University of Oregon in 1944.
been director and counselor of the Save the Redwoods League, member
of the advisory board, National Park Service, and a member of
the American Philosophical Society, Geological Society of America,
Paleontology Society of America, the California Academy of Science
and a member of American and Japanese botanical societies.
Culbert, Mike. " 'FREED' Eugenic research board established." Gazette (Berkeley, CA) 30 Mar 1970.